Home Ahead of print Instructions
About us Current issue Subscribe
Editorial board Archives Contact us
Search Submit article Login 
Print this page Email this page
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 13-18

Comparative evaluation of body composition analysis in type-2 diabetes mellitus patients and healthy Nigerians using bioelectric impedance analysis technique

1 Department of Medicine, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria
2 Department of Human Anatomy, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Lukman Femi Owolabi
Department of Medicine, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Bayero University, PMB 3452, Kano
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0331-8540.176044

Rights and Permissions

Objective: The study was aimed at evaluating the body composition of type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients using bioelectric impedance analysis (BIA) technique and comparing their findings with age and sex-matched healthy volunteers. Materials and Methods: One hundred T2DM patients and 100 age and sex-matched controls were recruited in the study. Body composition was measured using BIA system (Tanita BC-554 Tanita Corporation, Tokyo, Japan), the data obtained from the body composition analyser included weight, fat %, fat mass, total body water, muscle mass, basal metabolic rate, bone mass, visceral fat (VF), body mass index and physique rating. Results: A total of 100 T2DM patients, who were matched with 100 of the healthy volunteers by age and sex, comprised 58% males and 42% females in each group. Their mean age was 49 years ± 19 years. The average duration of T2DM was 2.32 ± 0.83 years. The median fat composition was 41.1% in diabetic subjects and 30.5% in control (P = 0.0024). The median body water composition was 45.4% in diabetic subjects and 49.3% in control (P = 0.2106). The median muscle composition was 43.0% in diabetic subjects and 44.7% in control (P = 0.8859). The median physique rate was 4 in diabetic subjects and 2 in control (P = 0.0016). The median basal metabolic rate was 1389 in diabetic subjects and 1430 in control (P = 0.8648). The median metabolic age was 45 in diabetic subjects and 48 in control (P = 0.9143). The median bone component was 2.4 in diabetic subjects and 2.4 in control (P = 0.0922). The median VF component was 12% in diabetic subjects and 6% in control (P = 0.0016). Conclusion: Bioimpedance analyses of body composition showed that T2DM patients have significantly higher body fat, VF and physique rate compared with age and sex-matched healthy controls.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded391    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal