Nigerian Journal of Basic and Clinical Sciences

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2019  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 5--8

Computed tomographic evaluation of pediatric head injury in Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria


Abdu Hamisu Dambatta, Mohammed Sidi 
 Department of Radiology, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Abdu Hamisu Dambatta
Department of Radiology, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano
Nigeria

Objective: To describe the computerized tomographic findings in children with head trauma who presented at the Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria. Methods: It is a retrospective review of patients aged 9 month to 12 years with suspected head injury following head trauma, who presented for CT scan at Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria from January 2016 to December, 2017. Results: Sixty eight cases were reviewed retrospectively. They ranged from 9 months to 12 years with the mean age of 5 years. Fifty four (79.4%) were males. Fourteen were females (20.6%). Thirty five (51.5%) had head injury secondary to RTA. Twenty four (35.3%) had a history of fall from height. Four (5.9%) had a history of fall into a well. Four (5.9%) had a history of assault. Only one had a history of gun shot (1.5%). Twenty one patients (30.9%) had normal findings. Five (7.4%) of them had a frontal bone fracture. Seven (10.3%) had a parietal bone fracture. Two (2.9%) had fracture of base of the skull. Seventeen (25%) had intracerebral haematoma. Three had brain oedema (4.4%). One had epidural haematoma (1.5%). Eight (11.8%) had subdural haematoma. Six (8%) had combined fracture with cerebral contusion. Conclusion: RTA is a major cause of head injury in the most paediatric age group in our environment with CT scan as a valuable imaging tool in the investigation and management of these patients.


How to cite this article:
Dambatta AH, Sidi M. Computed tomographic evaluation of pediatric head injury in Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria.Niger J Basic Clin Sci 2019;16:5-8


How to cite this URL:
Dambatta AH, Sidi M. Computed tomographic evaluation of pediatric head injury in Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria. Niger J Basic Clin Sci [serial online] 2019 [cited 2019 Aug 21 ];16:5-8
Available from: http://www.njbcs.net/article.asp?issn=0331-8540;year=2019;volume=16;issue=1;spage=5;epage=8;aulast=Dambatta;type=0