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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 101-104

Clinicopathologic audit of salivary gland lesions


1 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology/Biology, College of Medicine University of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria
2 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology/Biology, Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Lagos, Nigeria
3 Anatomic and Molecular Pathology, College of Medicine, University of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria
4 Department of Oral Diagnostic Sciences, Faculty of Science, Bayero University Kano, Nigeria
5 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, College of Medicine, University of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
A B Olawuyi
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology/Biology, Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Lagos
Nigeria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/njbcs.njbcs_12_17

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Introduction: Salivary gland lesions present with varied clinical features because of the complex architecture of the glands. A good understanding of the distribution, natural history, epidemiology, and etiopathogenesis is essential for diagnosis and management. Materials and Methods: A retrospective cross-sectional study of all salivary gland lesions seen between January 2007 and December 2016 at the Biopsy Service of Lagos University Teaching Hospital was conducted. Results: There were 224 salivary gland lesions over the 10-year study period; 115 (51.3%) females and 109 (48.7%) males (M/F 1:1.05). The age range was 2 months to 86 years with a mean age of 37.07 years. Salivary gland lesions were more common in the third and fourth decades (18.8% and 18.3%, respectively). There were 55 (24.6%) cystic lesions, 55 (24.6%) benign neoplasms, 84 (37.5%), malignant neoplasms, and 29 (12.9%) inflammatory salivary gland lesions. The ratio of malignant tumors to benign tumors was 1.5:1. Conclusion: Salivary gland lesions are more prevalent in the third and fourth decades of life; malignant tumors were more prevalent than benign tumors. Malignant tumors and inflammatory lesions were more common in males whereas benign and cystic lesions were more common in females.


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